Enlil


Enlil
   In Mesopotamian mythology, the god who ruled Earth's domain, lorded over most of the other gods, and bestowed kingship on human beings. From Sumerian times on, Enlil (called Ellil by the Assyrians and the Babylonians), was one of the chief gods, along with An, who ruled the heavens, and
   Enki, who controlled the freshwaters beneath Earth. Enlil began as a Sumerian weather god and retained this function when worshipped by later Mesopotamian peoples. Thus, he brought wind and rain and thereby ensured that agriculture was possible; at the same time, he could bring torrential rains and floods to punish people when he saw fit. Enlil married Nin-lil, and they begat several divine beings, including the sun god, Utu (or Shamash); the moon god, Nanna (or Sin); and Inanna (or Ishtar), goddess of love and sexual passion.
   Although Enlil was worshipped throughout Mesopotamia, his main shrine was in the city of Nippur in central Sumeria. To worshippers, he was the keeper of the Tablet of Destiny, on which the fate of the gods and humans was supposedly written. Thus, it was thought that he could "see all" and knew what would happen in the future. These powerful attributes, among others, are described in the following Sumerian hymn of praise to Enlil, composed in the mid-to-late third millennium B.C.:
   Enlil! his authority is far-reaching, his word is sublime and holy. His decisions are unalterable, he decides fates forever! His eyes scrutinize the entire world! When the honorable Enlil sits down in majesty on his sacred and sublime throne, when he exercises with perfection his power as Lord and King, spontaneously the other gods prostrate [lie flat on their faces] before him and obey his orders without protest! He is the great and powerful ruler who dominates Heaven and Earth, Who knows all and understands all!
   Later, in Babylonia, the god Marduk came to wield many of the same powers Enlil had long wielded and to assume Enlil's general role of chief god.
   See also: Defeat of Anzu, The; Enki; Nippur; Utu

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Enlil — (EN = Lord + LIL = Loft, Lord of the Open or Lord of the Wind ) [ Halloran, John A.; Sumerian Lexicon: Version 3.0 ; December 10th, 2006 at http://sumerian.org/sumerlex.htm ] was the name of a chief deity listed and written about in ancient… …   Wikipedia

  • Enlil — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda En la mitología de Mesopotamia, Enlil es el dios del cielo, del viento y las tempestades. Fue adorado por sumerios, acadios, babilonios, cananeos, y asirios. Se han propuesto dos órigenes para el nombre Enlil. Según… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Enlil — (auch En Lil, El Lil, Ellil; Beiname Nunamnir) ist der Hauptgott der sumerischen und auch der akkadischen, babylonischen und assyrischen Religion und Vorbild und Bestandteil anderer Gottheiten diverser altorientalischer Völker. Der Name En Lil… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ENLIL — Un des trois dieux, avec Anu et Éa, de la triade suprême suméro akkadienne. Son nom, le «Seigneur souffle» en sumérien, indique quel est son empire: la terre ferme. Dans la théologie classique, il vient immédiatement après Anu, le dieu du ciel,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Enlil — Reproduction d un sceau représentant le dieu Enlil et sa femme, la déesse Ninlil Enlil, Li ou Ellil en akkadien, est l un des dieux principaux de la religion de Sumer et d Akkad. En sumérien, son nom est expliqué comme en líl, ce qui signifie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Enlil — /en lil/, n. the king of the Sumerian gods and the god of the air. * * * ▪ Mesopotamian god       Mesopotamian god of the atmosphere and a member of the triad of gods completed by Anu (Sumerian: An) and Ea (Enki). Enlil meant Lord Wind: both the… …   Universalium

  • ENLIL — (akkadian ELLIL)    Sumerian god, one of the most important Mesopotamian deities since the early third millennium B.C. His name is usually taken to mean “Lord (of the) Air/Wind” and denotes that his domain was the earth, above that of the “below” …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Enlil — En la mitología sumeria, Enlil es el dios del cielo y las tempestades. Separó el cielo de la tierra y junto con Anu y Ea formaba la trinidad suprema del panteón sumerio. Hijo de Ki y An, Enlil era la divinidad patrona de la ciudad de Nippur y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Enlil — noun chief deity listed and written about in ancient Sumerian, Akkadian, Hittite, Canaanite and other Mesopotamian clay and stone tablets; the god of breath, wind, loft, and breadth …   Wiktionary

  • Enlil — Ẹnlil   [»Herr des Sturmes«], sumerischer Gott mit Tempel in Nippur, ursprünglich wohl Sturmgott, Beherrscher des Raumes zwischen Himmel und Erde und schließlich der Erde selbst. Aus dem erschlagenen Chaosungeheuer erschuf er nach babylonischem… …   Universal-Lexikon